COURSE CODE: 04/05
COURSE NAME: Architectural Design I & II
INSTRUCTOR: Shigehiro Shishido
Design Project: Design a Sustainable House
A family has purchased a parcel of land in Upstate New York at a lakeside. The area is known for its year round beauty and tranquility. On the East and West sides of the property are vacant lots that are zoned for residential. Local zoning requires a set back of ten feet from the access road and a fifteen-foot set back from the adjoining lots. The family consists of a couple with two children, a boy and a girl, and two dogs.
§ Entry 200 SF
§ Living Room with a fireplace, 500 SF
§ Dining Room 200 SF
§ Kitchen 300 SF
§ Breakfast area 100 SF
§ Master bedroom with full bath and dressing area 400 SF
§ Two Children's bedrooms with full bath 500 SF
§ Guest Room with full bath 350 SF
§ Family Room 300 SF
§ Powder Room As required
§ Laundry Room 150 SF
§ Closets As required
§ Utility Room 150 SF
§ Two Car Garage with a storage space 650 SF
§ Decks As Required
Rendered site plan with roof scale 1/8
Rendered floor plan(s) scale 1/8
Two rendered elevations scale 1/8
Rendered Building/Site section scale 1/8
Details, diagrams, sketches, etc. showing your building system of sustainability.
A scaled model including site and/or 3D renderings.
An objective of this project is to design sustainable buildings. Research on “Sustainable Buildings” is required. Solar related heating and/or cooling system is required in your design.
The following is an excerpt from US Department of Energy, Green Buildings Program.
Green Buildings Introduction
The design, construction, and maintenance of buildings has a tremendous impact on our environment and our natural resources. There are more than 76 million residential buildings and nearly 5 million commercial buildings in the U.S. today. These buildings together use one-third of all the energy consumed in the U.S., and two-thirds of all electricity. By the year 2010, another 38 million buildings are expected to be constructed. The challenge will be to build them smart, so they use a minimum of nonrenewable energy, produce a minimum of pollution, and cost a minimum of energy dollars, while increasing the comfort, health, and safety of the people who live and work in them.
Further, buildings are a major source of the pollution that causes urban air quality problems, and the pollutants that cause climate change. They account for 49 percent of sulfur dioxide emissions, 25 percent of nitrous oxide emissions, and 10 percent of particulate emissions, all of which damage urban air quality. Buildings produce 35 percent of our carbon dioxide emissions, the chief pollutant blamed for climate change.
Traditional building practices often overlook the interrelationships between a building, its components, its surroundings, and its occupants. "Typical" buildings consume more of our resources than necessary, negatively impact the environment, and generate a large amount of waste. According to Laurence Doxsey, former Coordinator of the City of Austin Green Builder Program, "a standard wood-framed home consumes over one acre of forest and the waste created during construction averages from 3 to 7 tons." Often, these buildings are costly to operate in terms of energy and water consumption. And they can result in poor indoor air quality, which can lead to health problems.
There are many opportunities to make buildings cleaner. For example, if only 10 percent of homes in the U.S. used solar water-heating systems, we would avoid 8.4 million metric tons of carbon emissions each year.
Green building practices offer an opportunity to create environmentally-sound and resource-efficient buildings by using an integrated approach to design. Green buildings promote resource conservation, including energy efficiency, renewable energy, and water conservation features; consider environmental impacts and waste minimization; create a healthy and comfortable environment; reduce operation and maintenance costs; and address issues such as historical preservation, access to public transportation and other community infrastructure systems. The entire life-cycle of the building and its components is considered, as well as the economic and environmental impact and performance.
Green Building Principles
Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy Resources Commercially available, cost-effective
energy technologies could reduce overall energy consumption in the United States
by as much as one-third--worth some $343 billion.
Indoor Air Quality